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Sunday, October 29, 2023

Reformation Sunday

Jesus’ summary of the law in today’s gospel echoes our first reading from Leviticus. We are called not only to love God with heart, soul, and mind, but also to love our neighbor as ourselves. It is out of such deep care that Paul shares the gospel with the Thessalonian community. In the confession of sins, we acknowledge that we have not loved God, neighbor, and self; yet we gather to hear the word of forgiveness and to be strengthened by word and meal to be signs of God’s love and mercy in the world.

two walking down road annie-spratt-gq5PECP8pHE-unsplash  Photo by Annie Spratt on Unsplash

Photo by Annie Spratt on Unsplash

trees by water leonard-cotte-kA2GaySyAg0-unsplash (1)  Photo by Léonard Cotte on Unsplash.
Photo by Léonard Cotte on Unsplash
nurturiing child jordan-whitt-KQCXf_zvdaU-unsplash  Photo by Jordan Whitt on Unsplash.jpg

Photo by Jordan Whitt on Unsplash

make people feel loved todsy clay-banks-YrYSlTuBvBA-unsplash (1)  Photo by Clay Banks on U

Photo by Clay Banks on Unsplash

derick-mckinney-W8kl19hCryA-unsplash (1)
Photo by Derick McKinney on Unsplash

First Reading: Leviticus 19:1-2, 15-18

The Holiness Code in Leviticus urges people to be holy because God is holy. Holiness is lived out as God’s people exercise justice and love in their dealings with one another. We are to love our neighbors as ourselves.

1The Lord spoke to Moses, saying:
 2Speak to all the congregation of the people of Israel and say to them: You shall be holy, for I the Lord your God am holy.
 15You shall not render an unjust judgment; you shall not be partial to the poor or defer to the great: with justice you shall judge your neighbor. 16You shall not go around as a slanderer among your people, and you shall not profit by the blood of your neighbor: I am the Lord.
 17You shall not hate in your heart anyone of your kin; you shall reprove your neighbor, or you will incur guilt yourself. 18You shall not take vengeance or bear a grudge against any of your people, but you shall love your neighbor as yourself: I am the Lord.

Psalm: Psalm 1

Their delight is in the law of the Lord. (Ps. 1:2)

 1Happy are they who have not walked in the counsel of the wicked,
  nor lingered in the way of sinners, nor sat in the seats of the scornful!
 2Their delight is in the law of the Lord,
  and they meditate on God’s teaching day and night.

 3They are like trees planted by streams of water, bearing fruit in due season, with leaves that do not wither;
  everything they do shall prosper.
 4It is not so with the wicked;
  they are like chaff which the wind | blows away.
 5Therefore the wicked shall not stand upright when judgment comes,
  nor the sinner in the council of the righteous.
 6For the Lord knows the way of the righteous,
  but the way of the wicked shall be destroyed. 

Second Reading: 1 Thessalonians 2:1-8

Paul uses maternal imagery to depict the caring and nurturing relationship he shares with the Thessalonian Christians. When he first came to their city it was not to benefit himself but to share the gospel with them, which was his responsibility as an apostle of Christ.

1You yourselves know, brothers and sisters, that our coming to you was not in vain, 2but though we had already suffered and been shamefully mistreated at Philippi, as you know, we had courage in our God to declare to you the gospel of God in spite of great opposition. 3For our appeal does not spring from deceit or impure motives or trickery, 4but just as we have been approved by God to be entrusted with the message of the gospel, even so we speak, not to please mortals, but to please God who tests our hearts. 5As you know and as God is our witness, we never came with words of flattery or with a pretext for greed; 6nor did we seek praise from mortals, whether from you or from others, 7though we might have made demands as apostles of Christ. But we were gentle among you, like a nurse tenderly caring for her own children. 8So deeply do we care for you that we are determined to share with you not only the gospel of God but also our own selves, because you have become very dear to us.

Gospel: Matthew 22:34-46

Put on the spot by the Pharisees, Jesus displays wisdom by summarizing the law of God in just two commandments and by demonstrating the Messiah must be more than the son of David.

34When the Pharisees heard that [Jesus] had silenced the Sadducees, they gathered together, 35and one of them, a lawyer, asked him a question to test him. 36“Teacher, which commandment in the law is the greatest?” 37He said to him, “ “You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind.’ 38This is the greatest and first commandment. 39And a second is like it: ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’ 40On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.”
 41Now while the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them this question: 42“What do you think of the Messiah? Whose son is he?” They said to him, “The son of David.” 43He said to them, “How is it then that David by the Spirit calls him Lord, saying,
 44‘The Lord said to my Lord,
 “Sit at my right hand,
  until I put your enemies under your feet”’?
45If David thus calls him Lord, how can he be his son?” 46No one was able to give him an answer, nor from that day did anyone dare to ask him any more questions.

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